Watch: Why has railway travel become so dangerous recently in India?

Despite the cries of ‘sabotage’, the fault lies in over-using the system and under-investing in safety measures.

Here’s a shocking statistic. According to a 2012 government safety panel report, Indian Railways is involved in the deaths of nearly 15,000 people every year. By any standards, that’s a “massacre”.

Indian Railways takes pride in being the largest network in the world with 12,000 trains ferrying two crore people every day.

The majority of these deaths are caused either when people cross the railway tracks and are run over, or when trains collide or derail. Blame an inherent lack of safety concerns, negligence, chronic under-investment, and systemic factors.

In India, as much as 40% of the railway divisions currently run above the line capacity, according to a paper issued by the Ministry of Railways. Line capacity is the number of trains a track can handle in 24 hours. Naturally, this compromises safety.

Between 1950 and 2016, there was acute under-investment in rail infrastructure, according to a Ministry of Railways report on “Safety and Security in Railways”. The passenger and freight traffic increased by 1,344% and 1,642%, respectively, against a meagre 23% expansion of route.

Another paper in the Physica journal stated that rail traffic in the Gangetic plains was so excessive that “if all trains were to travel in accordance with their schedule, then the present infrastructure would not be able to handle the resultant traffic flow.” This is cited as the reason for frequent delays and increase in collisions.

Indian Railways has upgraded its technology and adopted new methods of welding and testing its rails over the past few years, yet the traffic and congestion on the rails is too high to implement this technology properly.

Following the three disastrous railroad accidents depicted in the video (above), Finance Minister Arun Jaitley focused on reform and safety of the Indian Railways in this year’s Union budget. He announced the creation of a Rashtriya Rail Samraksha Kosh (Rail Safety Fund) with a five-year corpus of Rs 1 lakh crore, of which Rs 20,000 crore will be spent annually on safety-related work on the railways, including track renewal and signal upgrades.

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Not just for experts: How videography is poised for a disruption

Digital solutions are making sure it’s easier than ever to express your creativity in moving images.

Where was the last time you saw art? Chances are on a screen, either on your phone or your computer. Stunning photography and intricate doodles are a frequent occurrence in the social feeds of many. That’s the defining feature of art in the 21st century - it fits in your pocket, pretty much everyone’s pocket. It is no more dictated by just a few elite players - renowned artists, museum curators, art critics, art fair promoters and powerful gallery owners. The digital age is spawning creators who choose to be defined by their creativity more than their skills. The negligible incubation time of digital art has enabled experimentation at staggering levels. Just a few minutes of browsing on the online art community, DeviantArt, is enough to gauge the scope of what digital art can achieve.

Sure enough, in the 21st century, entire creative industries are getting democratised like never before. Take photography, for example. Digital photography enabled everyone to capture a memory, and then convert it into personalised artwork with a plethora of editing options. Apps like Instagram reduced the learning curve even further with its set of filters that could lend character to even unremarkable snaps. Prisma further helped to make photos look like paintings, shaving off several more steps in the editing process. Now, yet another industry is showing similar signs of disruption – videography.

Once burdened by unreliable film, bulky cameras and prohibitive production costs, videography is now accessible to anyone with a smartphone and a decent Internet bandwidth. A lay person casually using social media today has so many video types and platforms to choose from - looping Vine videos, staccato Musical.lys, GIFs, Instagram stories, YouTube channels and many more. Videos are indeed fast emerging as the next front of expression online, and so are the digital solutions to support video creation.

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With Vizmato, the creative process starts at the shooting stage itself as it enables live application of themes and effects. Choose from hip hop, noir, haunted, vintage and many more.

The variety of filters available on Vizmato
The variety of filters available on Vizmato

Or you can simply choose to unleash your creativity at the editing stage; the possibilities are endless. Vizmato simplifies the core editing process by making it easier to apply cuts and join and reverse clips so your video can flow exactly the way you envisioned. Once the video is edited, you can use a variety of interesting effects to give your video that extra edge.

The RGB split, Inset and Fluidic effects.
The RGB split, Inset and Fluidic effects.

You can even choose music and sound effects to go with your clip; there’s nothing like applause at the right moment, or a laugh track at the crack of the worst joke.

Or just annotated GIFs customised for each moment.

Vizmato is the latest offering from Global Delight, which builds cross-platform audio, video and photography applications. It is the Indian developer that created award-winning iPhone apps such as Camera Plus, Camera Plus Pro and the Boom series. Vizmato is an upgrade of its hugely popular app Game Your Video, one of the winners of the Macworld Best of Show 2012. The overhauled Vizmato, in essence, brings the Instagram functionality to videos. With instant themes, filters and effects at your disposal, you can feel like the director of a sci-fi film, horror movie or a romance drama, all within a single video clip. It even provides an in-built video-sharing platform, Popular, to which you can upload your creations and gain visibility and feedback.


So, whether you’re into making the most interesting Vines or shooting your take on Ed Sheeran’s ‘Shape of You’, experience for yourself how Vizmato has made video creation addictively simple. Android users can download the app here and iOS users will have their version in January.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of Vizmato and not by the Scroll editorial team.